Development trend of China's packaging and food ma

2022-08-13
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Development trend of China's packaging and food machinery industry during the Tenth Five Year Plan (I)

I. Development Status of packaging and food machinery industry

1. Industry overview

the service fields of packaging and food machinery industry are mainly packaging industry, food industry and deep processing industry of agricultural and sideline products. For a long time, China's packaging and food machinery industry has been very weak, unable to form a scale and level, resulting in the slow development of China's packaging industry, food industry, deep processing and comprehensive utilization of agricultural and sideline products

since the reform and opening up, with the rapid development of China's food industry, packaging industry and agriculture, China's packaging and food machinery industry has achieved remarkable development, with the continuous increase of product varieties and quantities, and the continuous improvement of product quality and technical level, making the packaging and food machinery industry directly serve the improvement of people's quality of life and the packaging industry and food industry, Emerging industries serving agriculture and deep processing of agricultural and sideline products have become one of the top ten industries in China's machinery industry. At the same time, the continuous and rapid development of China's food processing, packaging industry, agriculture and or curve amplification deep processing industry of agricultural and sideline products, the continuous growth of foreign trade exports and the continuous improvement of people's living standards have also provided a broad market for the development of packaging and food machinery industry, making this industry a hot field of national economic development

China's food machinery industry started in the 1970s, developed in the 1980s, and achieved rapid growth in the late 1980s and early 1990s. With the support of the state and relevant government departments, through the efforts of the whole industry, and through the echelon development of the five-year plans of the "Seventh Five Year Plan", "Eighth Five Year Plan" and "Ninth Five Year Plan" three industries, a relatively complete range of industries with basic supporting varieties have initially formed. The industry involves systems such as machinery, light industry, agriculture, medicine, domestic trade, military and chemical industry. With the rapid development of the industry, a number of key backbone enterprises have been formed. These enterprises have high technical level and equipment conditions, have independent development ability and certain economies of scale, and are the backbone of equipping China's packaging industry, food industry and deep processing of agricultural and sideline products; It has formed a number of fist products that can not only meet domestic needs, but also sell well abroad; It has formed a scientific and technological team and scientific and technological development force led by scientific research institutes under the Ministry, with local scientific research institutes as the backbone and enterprises' scientific and technological forces as the foundation; An education system cooperating with the majors of packaging and food engineering has been formed, resulting in a large number of professional and technical talents

according to incomplete statistics, there are more than 6000 enterprises of various ownership in the whole industry, 550000 employees, more than 500 scientific research institutions, 3000 product varieties and 40 categories of products. In 1998, the total industrial output value of the whole industry was 25 billion yuan, including 15 billion yuan of food machinery output value, 800000 units of production, 10 billion yuan of packaging machinery output value and 380000 units of production

2. The gap between China's packaging and food machinery products and foreign advanced levels

2.1 gap in product quality

the quality of China's packaging and food machinery products, whether from the internal quality disc with a step hole in the center or the appearance quality, has a large gap with the product quality of developed countries. Poor internal quality is mainly manifested in low product productivity, high energy consumption, short service life, poor stability and reliability. The poor appearance quality is mainly reflected in the unsightly shape and rough surface. The main reasons for poor product quality are the backward design theory, design means and design methods, manufacturing technology and testing means. In addition, the quality of domestic supporting basic parts is unstable, which also has a great impact on the overall quality of products

2.2 gap in product technology level

the gap in product technology level is mainly manifested in low technology content, less application of high and new technology, low automation of production line, low production capacity and efficiency, and high energy consumption. The technical level of packaging and food machinery products in China is generally low. 60% of the main products are at the level of developed countries in the late 1960s and early 1970s, 20% are at the level of the late 1970s and 1980s, and only% have reached the level of the late 1980s and early 1990s. On the whole, the technical level of products is about 20 years behind that of developed countries

2.3 gap in product varieties

packaging and food machinery in developed countries comply with market demand, new products continue to appear, and patterns continue to be renovated. At present, the value of developed countries has declined, and there are more than 6000 packaging and food machinery products, and there are a large number of complete sets. The number of varieties and complete sets of packaging and food machinery products in China is small, about 1/2 of the number of varieties in developed countries. In particular, there are many deficiencies in the fields of food deep processing, comprehensive utilization, environmental protection, high-tech products and so on

2.4 gap in scientific research level of the industry

China's packaging and food machinery industry has very weak scientific research and independent development ability. Most enterprises basically do not have their own scientific research strength, and the scientific research and development projects of scientific research institutions are disconnected from the market. A considerable number of scientific research topics cannot be transformed into productivity, or give up halfway, and there is no technical progress force and operation mechanism to drive the close combination of scientific research and production. China's scientific research and development investment in packaging and food machinery is small. According to the regulations, the technical investment can account for 3% of the sales revenue, and the scientific research and development expenses in developed countries account for 8%-10% of the sales revenue. On the other hand, China's packaging and food machinery industry's investment in scientific research is less than 1% of sales on average. The lack of funds makes scientific research equipment, equipment testing instruments and other means very backward. Most products remain in imitation, surveying and mapping, or a little localization improvement. Due to the backward development means, CAD design can not be truly and effectively used, resulting in lack of innovation in product development, long development cycle, product imitation, but also backward, and poor internal quality, This has led to the phenomenon that many packaging and food processing enterprises prefer to spend a lot of money on foreign equipment

it is common for packaging and food machinery enterprises in China to attach importance to production and processing and ignore scientific research and development, and cannot provide products in time to keep up with market demand. Most enterprise technicians account for no more than 10% of the total number of employees, and few of them are really engaged in scientific research and development. Production enterprises in developed countries pay more attention to product research and development. For example, Heidelberg Group employs 1200 people, while research and development personnel account for 800 people

2.5 gap in industry market information

China's packaging and food machinery industry is an emerging industry developed after the reform and opening up, and the industry information foundation is weak. Enterprises engaged in product production and scientific research and development institutes are distributed in more than a dozen departments, such as machinery, electronics, light industry, commerce, agriculture, etc., objectively resulting in fragmentation between departments and lack of information communication between them, There is a lack of an authoritative and comprehensive information system. The guidance of industry development and market demand is poor. Lack of full understanding of foreign similar products, lack of full understanding of the development trend of foreign counterparts' scientific and technological level, lack of contact and communication between scientific research institutions and enterprises, and poor integration of industry, University and research. Due to the lack of information, domestic enterprises and research institutes have blindness in the development of products, and the phenomenon of low-level repeated development is serious. Due to the lack of sufficient understanding of the current situation and development trend of similar foreign products, product developers are not open-minded, and enterprises lack scientific and rigorous market positioning for products. There is always a big gap between the level of domestic products and the advanced level of foreign countries

finding out the gap between China's packaging and food machinery and the foreign advanced level, and finding the problems and deficiencies in the industry will help us absorb the foreign advanced technology and the five key task experience of non-ferrous/rare/rare precious metal material advanced preparation and processing technology, correctly formulate relevant policies and development directions, and narrow the gap with the foreign advanced level

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