How to break through the bottleneck and move towar

2022-09-21
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How to break through the bottleneck and move towards the high end in the battle of industrial software mode

Editor's note: in the industrial field, the software industry is widely serving China's industrialization development process with its unique penetration. The power of software can be felt in the application fields of steel, automobile, petrochemical, electronic manufacturing and other industries, as well as in the management fields of industrial automation and all links of the product life cycle, such as R & D, design, production and circulation of industrial products. How can traditional industrial enterprises use industrial software to improve their informatization and upgrade traditional industries? How can industrial software enterprises break through the bottleneck and move towards the high end

truly understand the industry and tap the potential of the industry is the way for industrial software enterprises to become stronger. At the same time, industry application software development talents should not only understand software, but also understand the industry, which requires colleges, industry enterprises, software companies and industry associations to interact and jointly build a training platform

in the industrial field, the software industry is widely serving the development process of China's industrialization with its unique penetration. The power of software can be felt in the application fields of steel, automobile, petrochemical, electronic manufacturing and other industries, as well as in the management fields of industrial automation and all links of the product life cycle, such as R & D, design, production and circulation of industrial products

industrial software is performing the special function endowed by the times -- the "adhesive" of the integration of "two modernizations". How can it enterprises develop competitive industrial software close to the needs of industry users? How can traditional industrial enterprises use industrial software to improve their informatization and upgrade traditional industries? How can industrial software enterprises break through the bottleneck and become the next Dassault These are all questions worth thinking about

At present, domestic software companies can be roughly divided into three categories: the first category is software companies born out of the manufacturing industry, such as Baosteel's Baoxin, FAW's Qiming, Sinopec's Sinopec Yingke; The second category is companies that produce general-purpose software, such as Kingdee and UFIDA; The third category is software companies that come out of institutional research institutes, such as Neusoft, Zhejiang University new, Zhejiang University central control, etc. Facing new development opportunities and market competition, which of these models can highlight its advantages

Wu Guangyu, senior professional and technical director of Baoxin software, told that the first type of mode decomposes the original "large and comprehensive" internal informatization and automation technology resources and businesses of the enterprise, integrates them to form a professional software company, so as to improve the overall utilization of resources and establish a long-term and stable professional service relationship with the parent company. This mode has reflected considerable market rationality and differential advantages

however, some experts hold different opinions and believe that its development has certain limitations. Tu Songbai, a partner of the industrial division of IBM enterprise consulting service department, believes that such software enterprises will still take the parent company as the main service object. After all, in an increasingly competitive environment, every enterprise does not want some of its own information to be mastered by competitors

guliping, assistant to the general manager of Wuhan Iron and steel (Group) company, believes that in terms of the success rate of information technology, which accounts for 97.51%, 88.03% and 95.11% of the total import of waste raw materials respectively, the success rate of projects in the first category is high, because enterprise informatization requires a gradual promotion of enterprise process reengineering, otherwise the "hard landing" will often outweigh the gains

Wang Wei, the chief consultant of QAD management software company, told that the first type of software manufacturers have certain relevance and specificity, and their advantage is that they are very familiar with the parent company. However, it is this familiarity that restricts its further expansion to other markets. From a global perspective, this model has great limitations and a low degree of industrialization

as for the third category of companies, Qiu Feng, Secretary of the Party committee of zhongkong science and technology group, said that such companies have relatively strong independent innovation ability and relatively more products with independent intellectual property rights

it can be seen that the three types of enterprises have their own characteristics: the first type of software enterprises have the professional background of the industry, years of accumulated industry service experience and advanced IT technology, but there are many restrictions due to their attachment to the parent company, and the market-oriented development is relatively slow. How to balance the dual impact of the parent company and the market environment and eliminate the doubts of users who may be competitors of the parent company are the focus of their consideration. The weak marketing ability and the negative impact of "backers" are the two "weaknesses" that such enterprises must make up

the second category has huge market development space, but does not have industry advantages. How to focus on a certain industry and meet the personalized needs of users is the focus of its development. For the third kind of enterprises, they have more advantages in basic research, and there are relatively more products with independent intellectual property rights. However, how to successfully transform scientific research achievements into technical achievements and meet the needs of the industry are the key points to be considered

then, how should industrial software enterprises develop? Qiyongxin, deputy director of the informatization and automation promotion center of China Iron and Steel Association, told that the development of the software industry must rely on market mechanisms. In addition to some general functions, the application software in the industrial field involves the functions of production, manufacturing, quality, cost and so on, which is closely related to the characteristics of the industry. Enterprises without market mechanism, even with excellent talents and long-term accumulation of industry knowledge, it is difficult to launch excellent software products

Gu Liping believes that no matter which mode, obvious industry technical characteristics and integration with process are essential elements for a successful industrial software enterprise. In addition, he believes that the products of software enterprises with different models also have their own advantages, so a reasonable combination of advantages and complementarity will build a win-win platform. Zhao Jinyuan, deputy manager of Taiji enterprise information system business department, believed that cross reorganization or merger would be a better development model because of some previous human health research. It seems that to truly understand the industry and tap the potential industry is the way for industrial software enterprises to become stronger

the way of development

industrial software is highly innovative. Because it is required to be closer to the industry, the development of industrial software products will also be different from other types of software products. How should it be developed? This actually involves two aspects: one is the particularity of the development process, and the other is the particularity of talent training

in terms of the development process, from a macro perspective, scientists and engineering experts are required to jointly develop it. Zhou Hongren, executive deputy director of the national informatization expert advisory committee, told that the whole life cycle of industrial software products often includes the process of scientific research or technological innovation, which is highly complex and requires the direct and long-term intervention of scientists or technical experts. Therefore, without the direct participation of "experts", it is impossible to write industrial software only by software personnel. He suggested that in order to promote the development of industrial software, we must encourage scientists or engineering experts to form a research and development team with software experts to jointly develop industrial software

from a micro perspective, enterprises are required to conduct research before product development, understand the focus of industrial enterprise users in application, improve the reliability of development, and meet the requirements of enterprise informatization. Chen Ying, technical director of Hangzhou Hollysys Automation Co., Ltd., told that during the development of industrial software products, the company improved product reliability through product design, process control, management level and tool support, and established a technical solution route of "Application Research - system analysis - Application Development - Test and verification - optimal design - engineering practice - post evaluation"

tracing back to the source from the process of software development, the foothold is the training of software talents. The particularity of industrial software determines the differences of software talent training modes. Industry application software development talents should not only understand software, but also understand the industry, which requires colleges, industry enterprises, software companies and industry associations to interact and jointly build a training platform

Zhao Jinyuan believes that the training of industry software development talents is different from the training of basic software development talents. It requires not only the training of software knowledge, but also the training of industry knowledge and the adaptability of the industry on-site environment. He suggested improving the quality of talents through internal training, hiring industry experts for training and project training

through a series of interviews, we learned that among the R & D teams of many industrial software enterprises, only a small number of talents who came from computer major, and most of the others have professional backgrounds such as industrial engineering knowledge and automation. These enterprises have expanded their horizons through the direct integration of multidisciplinary personnel. At the same time, they have achieved certain results through various training and the mode of transmission, help and guidance

the foundation of application

in the final analysis, the development of industrial software still lies in the application of industrial enterprises. Improving the degree of enterprise informatization is the ultimate mission of industrial software. So how should traditional industrial enterprises use industrial software and other information technology to enhance competitiveness? "Informatization is not a side dish or an ornament, but one of the important means to strengthen the soft power of enterprises." Yang Tianxing, director of the national informatization standards management committee and the Advisory Committee of the China Software Industry Association, said the secret

obviously, the enterprise is either having a network of computers or informatization, or the last ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) is informatization. The real informatization is to penetrate into the production process of enterprises and engineering construction. A series of links, from product design to marketing, from process control to plan management, from cost reduction to energy conservation and emission reduction, can reflect the effect of information construction

he Haoran told that Baosteel's informatization construction is at the forefront of its peers because of the guiding ideology of the synchronous development of informatization construction and engineering construction. "The enterprise information system should integrate control, operation, planning, management and optimization, ensure the full play of the design ability of advanced equipment and processes, and improve the rapid response and response ability of enterprises in the competitive environment, so as to make the comprehensive performance indicators of enterprises reach the international leading level." Ho ho ran said

as for the key to cracking the informatization risk, Ning Jiajun, a member of the national informatization expert advisory committee, suggested that enterprises should solve the following problems: what are the industry characteristics and business characteristics of enterprises? Where do our enterprises need to use informatization to improve? The problems existing in our enterprise are solved with information-based tools. It is better to recommend that the material test load is about 70% to 90% of the range of the tensile testing machine. How to define the priority order? How does it technology and human resources support informatization

of course, for a period of time, the technological modernization and informatization application of China's manufacturing industry have generally focused on two aspects: management system ERP and field control system. Some information systems, such as equipment management, logistics and finance, are independent units without integration, forming an information island. The coexistence of various control systems in different periods, different manufacturers, different brands, different types and different levels has improved the level of production control, but also led to the emergence of control islands. Enterprises urgently need a unified system platform to effectively support the informatization of their production management, which puts forward higher requirements for the products of software enterprises. Therefore, industrial software enterprises and communication

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