How to break the situation of Chinese industry in

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2016 is the first year of China's 13th five year plan, the full implementation of major national strategies such as made in China 2025 and Internet plus, and the key year for steady growth and structural adjustment. Achieving stable and healthy industrial development is of great significance for China's economy to shift from high-speed to medium high-speed and manufacturing to medium and high-end

at present, China's economy is facing the new normal and the severe test of economic slowdown, but at the same time, it is also in a major strategic opportunity brought by the fourth green industrial revolution, including industrial restructuring, enterprise transformation and upgrading, industrial transfer and layout, transformation of development mode, and guidance of scientific and technological information. Therefore, we must unswervingly promote reform and opening up, speed up economic restructuring and industrial transformation and upgrading, create mass entrepreneurship and innovation, drive the dual engines of public goods and public services, constantly enhance the endogenous growth momentum of the economy, and gradually improve the quality and efficiency of economic development

positive factors coexist with the pressure of difficulty with a width of about 60mm

since 2015, the economic environment at home and abroad is complex, and China's economic pressure has increased. Among them, the industrial economy has encountered the most difficulties and the greatest pressure. In 2016, China's industry not only has many positive factors and favorable conditions, but also faces many difficulties, risks and challenges. It is estimated that the difficulties may be greater than that in 2015

internationally, the recovery of the world economy is weak, and uncertainties and instability are increasing. The prospect is not optimistic. The developed economy faces important constraints such as high debt, aging, and the decline in productivity growth in the 5 square kilometer Park of working students, making it difficult to speed up the economy. While the growth rate of emerging economies is declining, they are facing continuous pressure from capital outflows and exchange rate fluctuations, and their economic weakness is difficult to change. At the same time, the downturn in bulk commodity prices has exacerbated the pressure of global deflation. The basic agreement reached by the TPP has made China face the challenge of higher standards and a wider range of economic and trade rules. Uncertainties in the global economic and financial field have directly increased the difficulty of China's exports and have a continuous impact on the RMB exchange rate and industrial product prices

domestically, positive factors coexist with difficulties and pressures. On the positive side, China's development is still in an important period of strategic opportunities that can make great achievements. The long-term trend of economic fundamentals has not changed, and there is sufficient potential, toughness and room for maneuver. At the same time, the development momentum of new industries and new formats is good, and Internet + has become a new engine to boost economic development, which has laid a good foundation for the stable operation of industry in 2016, and the industrial economy will generally maintain a slow and stable operation trend. However, the difficulties and pressures of China's steady growth continue to increase, and the deep-seated contradictions in development continue to appear. Among them, the prominent problems faced by the operation of industrial economy are the weakening of traditional power, the increasing pressure on the transformation and upgrading of industrial structure and the insufficient innovation ability of enterprises. Affected by it, the trend differentiation of regions, industries and enterprises may continue to deepen, and difficulties and challenges will increase

facing new situations, new problems and challenges

at present, China's traditional industries are in the process of in-depth adjustment. Under the constraints of overcapacity and resources and environment, the growth rate of high energy consuming industries such as steel, nonferrous metals, building materials and electricity slows down, and the competitiveness of export-oriented industries such as textiles, light industry and electronics continues to weaken. At the same time, the high-end equipment manufacturing industry and high-tech manufacturing industry still maintained high growth during the economic downturn, and their support capacity for the industrial economy was gradually enhanced. However, under the new normal of economic development, China's industrial development must not only face the entanglement of old problems, but also face the challenges of new situations and new problems

first, China's current investment growth is still mainly dependent on the government, enterprises are not willing to invest independently, and the efficiency of industrial investment is at a low level. The contradiction between higher investment rate and lower investment efficiency, on the one hand, has caused huge waste of resources and energy, resulting in serious overcapacity; On the other hand, inefficient investment may lead to a debt crisis and bring systemic risks to the economy. Second, due to the lack of effective market demand and the continuous release of capacity of a number of new projects in previous years, competition among industries is fierce, the problem of industrial overcapacity is more prominent, and some industrial fields are deeply in the dilemma of deflation. Third, the factors of industrial production remain high, and the competitiveness of industrial exports is weakened. China's industrial exports are mainly labor-intensive products, the cost of labor, land and other factors continues to rise, and the production and operation costs of enterprises increase, which to a large extent squeeze the profit space of export enterprises, and the enthusiasm of enterprises to expand reproduction decreases. Fourth, the efficiency of R & D and innovation of industrial enterprises is not high, and the ability of independent innovation lags behind. Due to the low industrial concentration and scattered R & D investment in China, the R & D funds of the government or enterprises are dispersed and diluted by many small enterprises, and the R & D funds are wasted. Fifth, the profitability of industrial enterprises has weakened, and production and operation difficulties have intensified. Due to the sharp decline in commodity prices, the decline in foreign trade demand, overcapacity and other reasons, the profits of China's industrial enterprises continued to decline, resulting in the dilemma of increasing income without increasing profits

in general, the reasons for these problems are: first, the lack of craftsmanship in Chinese culture has become a cultural barrier to the refinement and high-end of China's industry, lack of innovation consciousness in the period of economic development, and lack of innovation ability in the period of economic depression. Second, the preference of Chinese consumers for high-quality and low-cost goods has prompted some manufacturing enterprises to continue to pursue cost reduction, but cut corners under the condition of imperfect technology. Third, although China's economy emphasizes the development of the real economy in theory, the development of the virtual economy has a certain impact on the real economy under the condition of the imperfect real economy

looking forward to a new leap forward in China's industry

in order to ensure the steady and healthy development of the industrial communication industry in 2016 and a good start to the 13th five year plan, the national industrial and information work conference held a few days ago put forward the main expected goals for 2016. The added value of industries above designated size increased by about 6%, energy consumption decreased by 4%, and the water consumption per unit of industrial added value decreased by 4.5%. At the same time, special emphasis should be placed on the following work in the industrial field

once used, it can make the hair look comfortable. Naturally, it is necessary to pay close attention to the supply quality and efficiency, and strive to maintain the stable operation of the industry. We will launch a new round of major technological transformation and upgrading projects, implement major projects such as the relocation and transformation of urban hazardous chemical enterprises and steel enterprises, the withdrawal of non-ferrous metal enterprises from cities and parks, and carry out special actions to improve the supply of consumer goods, quality brand improvement, and the production and application of green building materials. Implement the new energy vehicle promotion plan. Launch special actions such as agricultural machinery and equipment, autonomous ship support, major emergency equipment and products

second, implement policies to adjust the stock and speed up the optimization and upgrading of traditional industries. We will formulate and implement a special plan for the implementation of separate policies in key industries such as machinery, automobile, light industry, textile, electronics, building materials, and support difficult industries to accelerate the removal of production capacity, inventory, and cost reduction, so as to achieve product upgrading, transformation, and profitability. Pay close attention to the formulation and implementation of the overall plan to promote industrial restructuring and dispose of zombie enterprises, guide zombie enterprises to exit smoothly, and actively promote disruptive and strategic mergers and acquisitions. Take multiple measures to resolve overcapacity, and carry out pilot projects to resolve overcapacity in steel, cement, flat glass and other industries. Implement green manufacturing engineering. Strengthen the guidance and management of the national new industrialization industry demonstration base

third, adhere to innovation to lead development, cultivate and expand high-end manufacturing industry. We will solidly promote the made in China 2025 1+x system and improve the coordination mechanism for the layout of major industrial projects. Implement the construction project of national manufacturing innovation center, and strive to build 2-3 national manufacturing innovation centers within the year. We will implement the industrial foundation strengthening project, focus on 30-50 landmark products and technologies, and lay out a number of industrial technology foundation platforms and service support centers. Implement high-end equipment innovation projects, and pay close attention to the implementation of major special projects for aeroengines and gas turbines. Actively expand the application market of high-end equipment and new materials

fourth, aim at the main direction of intelligent manufacturing and promote the deep integration of industrialization and industrialization. Implement intelligent manufacturing engineering to support the innovative application of five key equipment: high-end CNC machine tools and industrial robots, additive manufacturing, intelligent sensing and control, intelligent detection and assembly, and intelligent logistics and warehousing. Continue to implement the pilot demonstration action of intelligent manufacturing, and determine more than 60 pilot demonstration projects of new models. We will deepen the innovative development of interconnection + manufacturing, and guide the preparation of a roadmap for the integrated development of interconnection and manufacturing. We will further promote the integration of industrialization and industrialization management system and develop the overall framework and roadmap of the standard system

fifth, vigorously support small and micro enterprises, promote enterprise innovation management, improve quality and efficiency. Give full play to the coordination mechanism of the office of the leading group of the State Council for promoting the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, comprehensively sort out and evaluate the implementation of various preferential policies for enterprises and make them public to the public. Promote the National Development Fund for small and medium-sized enterprises to be put into operation as soon as possible, promote the establishment of a credit guarantee system for small and medium-sized enterprises and a bank risk sharing mechanism, and carry out the action of Internet + entrepreneurship and innovation cultivation of small and micro enterprises. This is also the most important and long-term aspect of the implementation of enterprise related charge catalogue list management. Carry out special actions to improve enterprise management, formulate and issue guidance to guide enterprises to innovate management, improve quality and efficiency

in the new year, China will continue to promote reform and innovation and enhance endogenous growth momentum. As China's economic development enters the period of structural adjustment, China's industrial economy is also expected to achieve a major change from quantitative change to qualitative change. This day will not be far away

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